What is the Circular Carbon Economy?

The Circular Carbon Economy (CCE) can be described as the utilisation of residual biomass streams for the creation of products and services that enable value creation from biobased materials that traditionally may not have had a use.

The thermal conversion of biomass to biochar is just one of the ways the circular carbon economy can be realised. Biochar is a material that has an ever-growing list of potential applications, encompassing the agricultural, horticultural, environmental and water treatment sectors alongside many more. In many cases, it can be reused or returned to land as a soil amendment, sequestering carbon in the process and giving rise to the phrase circular carbon.

A successful circular carbon economy can aid in the creation of sustainable business and employment opportunities.

The Goal

THREE C – Creating the Circular Carbon Economy, seeks to build upon the success of previous projects which showcased the potential to generate value from underutilised biomass streams for the provision of bioenergy and biobased products and services. THREE C will work with regional partners, entrepreneurs, SMEs, start-ups and innovators who wish to develop biochar-based businesses, products and services. It will achieve this through the roll out of CC Hubs, CC Labs and CC Net across the participating regions in North West Europe, 3 elements that will enable access to advice, expertise, training and skills to allow for the successful prototyping and development of ideas.

Previous Projects

A more detailed overview is provided by the Prograss Network – an association set up by some of the project partners to pursue the group’s ambitious goals in the long term.

Re-Direct movie

Get a quick idea of the approach by watching this video from the previous RE-DIRECT project.


The THREE C project is formed by an interdisciplinary group of organisations. The partners are located in Ireland, Wales, Germany, France, Belgium and the Netherlands.